Archives For mustafa abdel jalil

The self-appointed Libyan National Transitional Council (NTC) has now been recognised by the British government as the sole representative of Libya. Regular readers of Human Rights Investigations will be aware of the involvement of the Libyan rebels in lynchings, ethnic cleansing, abusing corpses and incitements to racial violence. The attempt to impose the former Libyan Government officials of the NTC on the people of Libya is another example of delusional behaviour likely to reinforce the anti-colonial credentials of the authorities in Tripoli, to extend the conflict, impact badly on the human rights situation and put the Libyan people in yet greater danger.

Mustafa Abdel Jalil (aka Mustapha Abdel Jalil)

Chairman of the NTC is Mustafa Abdel Jalil. He was born in the Al-Bayda area in eastern Libya in 1952 and was a player for Al-Bayda Football Club for a spell (Perhaps where he received the recognisable indentation on his forehead).

Mustafa Abdel Jalil with Abdel Fattah Younis

He studied at Gar Younis University, Benghazi before moving on to the Islamic University where he studied Sharia and Law, graduating with honours in 1975. He was assistant to the Public Prosecutor  before becoming a judge in 1978.  In 2002 he became president of the Court of Appeal and in 2007 was named President of the Court in Al-Bayda before quickly moving on to becoming Justice Minister (Secretary of the General People’s Committee for Justice).

In his role as Secretary of the General People’s Committee he endorsed death sentences but offered his resignation on 28th January 2010. He was upset at 300 members of the ‘Libyan Islamic Fighting Group’ (LIFG – an Al Qaeda-linked group) being kept in prison and also at separate releases of prisoners on death row, without the consent of relatives.

Disputes over the release of the members of the LIFG were a key bone of contention within the Libyan authorities before the outbreak of the current hostilities. Officials were trying to minimise the influence of  pro-Al Qaeda militants in the east of the country. (Libyans formed the second largest foreign contingent of Al Qaeda in Iraq).

Against the wishes of internal security officials, Saif al Islam helped organise the release of the remaining 110 prisoners, after they had renounced violence, on 16 February 2011.

Reports indicate Mustafa Abdel Jalil was dispatched by Tripoli to negotiate with the rebels at the beginning of the current Libyan conflict:

The group calls itself the “Islamic Emirate of Barqa,” after the ancient name of a region of northwest Libya, and the official said its leadership is made up of former Al-Qaeda fighters previously released from jail.

The official said the same group was responsible for the hanging of two policemen in Al-Baida on Friday that was reported in Oea newspaper.

Justice Minister Mustafa Abdeljalil started negotiations late on Saturday for the hostage-takers to release their captives, he said. “But we will not negotiate over Libya’s integrity under any circumstances.”

As it turned out, Jalil decided to defect.

Abdel Fattah Younes al-Obeidi

Chief of Staff of the rebels was Abdel Fatah Younes was head of Special Forces and then Interior Minister under Gadaffi. He was rumoured to have been responsible for killings of demonstrators outside the Italian consulate in Benghazi in 2006. A member of the eastern Obeidi tribe, internet chatter suggests he had a lot of enemies amongst the rebel forces. His death was announced on 28 July in mysterious circumstances, after he had been picked up by at 4.00am and taken from the front line at Brega, interrogated by a ‘panel of judges’ in Benghazi and then ‘released on his own cognisance.’

Khalifa Belqasim Haftar

Khalifa Belqasim Haftar was one of Gadaffi’s commanders in Chad, before falling out with the regime and setting up a CIA funded militia. For many years he lived 5 miles from CIA headquarters in Langley, Virginia. Returned to Libya to command the rebels but replaced in the top spot by his major rival Abdel Fattah Younis.

Ali Al-Issawi (aka Essawi)

Ali Abd-al-Aziz al-Isawi previously served as Secretary of the General People’s Committee of Libya (GPCO) for Economy, Trade, and Investment. His move from this post, according a Wikileaks disclosure citing the French Embassy in Tripoli was “related to accusations of corruption.” He is now responsible for foreign affairs for the National Transitional Council.

At the time of the 2000 race riots, the then Minister al-Isawi — stated about the African presence:

“They are a burden on health care, they spread disease, crime. They are illegal.”

Prospects for the National Transitional Council

The members of the rebel council have been calling for NATO support and military intervention from the beginning, firstly to make up for their lack of popular support and perhaps also as a bulwark against members of the Islamic Fighting Group (now renamed the Libyan Islamic Movement (LIM)) who, with their experience in fighting in Iraq, form a key element of the Libyan rebel forces.

There are varying reports about the extent of Al Qaeda influence among the rebels but the appalling atrocities committed, public lynchings and beheadings and their uploading to the internet, indicate the influence is strong.

Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb have called upon their followers to support the rebellion.

Internet chatter amongst these rebels suggests there is some anger at the NTC issuing statements disowning Al Qaeda. However, NATO air support is essential for the rebels so it remains to be seen how long it will be before open hostilities break out between the old regime elements and the jihadist elements.

Update 28th July

A clean-shaven Mustafa Abdel Jalil announces the death of Abdel Fatah Younes – shot after having, according to Jalil, been released from interrogation on his own cognisance.

Lynching in Benghazi

July 17, 2011 — 40 Comments

Human Rights Investigations has been investigating the use and consequences of racist propaganda in Libya and this has led to the examination of video footage of atrocities committed in Benghazi, Libya.

Today HRI reports on the lynching of a man by rebels in Benghazi. Our hope is that the death of this man will inspire people to take action for peace.

To paraphrase the Black Star News, we hope that we don’t live in a world where the lives and deaths of black people are so debased that everyone turns a blind eye.

We will describe the video in detail – the description is graphic.

The frame below is taken from early in the footage of the lynching and shows the window used (the one with the arch):

Lynching in Benghazi (Still from video below)

The below photo from Al Jazeera (creative commons licence) shows the Libyan rebel media centre, part of the Benghazi Courthouse which now houses the rebel council and its leader Mustafa Abdel Jalil.

Benghazi Rebel Media Centre, Prison and Government Headquarters

The window from which the victim is strung up is the first ground floor window on the left of the Al Jazeera photo, the one with the arched top, between the door and the lantern to the right.

Here is a picture of the “internet room” (again from Al Jazeera) in this building from which the rebels spread their propaganda about “African mercenaries”.

Benghazi rebel internet room

This building will be familiar, of course, to the many journalists who have passed through ts doors, seeking stories for publication.

The footage of the lynching shows a large crowd in front of the rebel HQ, many holding up mobile phones to photograph/record the action. Two men, one in a yellow top with a hood and another with a brown top, yellow T-shirt and jeans haul the victim up to the window and tie him up to the bars by his feet as the crowd chants “Libya Hurra!”

As the camera comes closer to the window, we can see the victim – he appears to be a young, adult, dark-skinned man. He is bound by the feet and hanging from the bars, wearing olive trousers with no top. His back has three wounds and his face and arms are covered in wet blood. There is blood on the wall behind him. There is movement of the victim’s head and shoulders which indicates the victim is still alive.  There are further chants from the crowd.

The victim is then attacked by a young man with a beard wearing a striped hat who makes a number of attempts to decapitate the victim with a sawing motion of a sharp blade.

There is further movement of the victim. The man with the striped hat delivers three blows of a blade directly to the victims face.

A second man then strikes the victim on the neck twice with a long bladed knife. There is a throttled scream.

As we have said, this is a very disturbing video.


We are not yet able to identify the victim. However, some of the perpetrators as well as witnesses are identifiable. Please provide any information on this incident.

Our hearts go out to the victim and his family and friends and the people of Libya. God willing, his death will not have been in vain.

We ask our readers to contact news organisations to demand they cover this story and to contact politicians to ensure that the rebels, amongst whom are clearly a significant faction equivalent to Al Qaeda /the Ku Klux Klan, are not supported in taking control of any further population centres.